According to the World Bank (2022), water touches every aspect of development and it is linked with nearly every Sustainable Development Goal (SDG). It drives economic growth, supports healthy ecosystems, and is essential and fundamental for life itself. Approximately 2.2 billion people worldwide do not have access to safe drinking water; 4.2 billion do not have access to safe sanitation services; and 3 billion do not have access to basic handwashing facilities.

Gaps in access to water supply and sanitation, growing populations, more water-intensive patterns of growth, increasing rainfall variability, and pollution are combining in many places to make water one of the greatest risks to economic progress, poverty eradication, and sustainable development. Optimizing the use of water through better planning through the use of technology has proven to help to improve welfare and increase economic growth in urban and rural setups.