A smart city is a technologically modern urban area that integrates information and communication technologies with physical devices connected to the internet of things (IOT) networks to optimize the efficiency of city operations and connections to citizens. With 55% of the world’s population living in cities, the trend is expected to continue, and projections are already indicating that nearly 7 out of 10 people in the world will live in cities. 

According to the World Bank, 80% of the global GDP is generated in cities. Urbanization can therefore contribute to sustainable growth if managed well through increased productivity, innovations, and the emergence of new ideas. The Geographic Information System provides a platform that integrates every smart city process.